Monday, October 19, 2015

John Series #14 - Breakfast on the Beach – Do You Love Me/Feed My Sheep - John 21

We have come to the final story and the final sign that Jesus performs in the Gospel of John. This then is also the final installment in our sermon series on John.  And in this final chapter 21 John brings everything together for us and focuses us on the two most important and central themes in the Gospel.  And these are…
        First – God loves the world! God loves the world and all that God has created more than we can even find words to describe; accordingly God loves you.  We see this love of God’s in the incarnation – the en-fleshing of God in Jesus - and in Jesus’ giving up himself in love at the end in the crucifixion.  And the subsequent resurrection proclaims and celebrates that it is love that will always win in the end.  Nothing is stronger than the power of God’s love. And as long as we remain attached to the Vine we are always connected to the source of God’s abundant love.
         2nd – This unconditional gift of love, this gift of grace upon grace, this love that is showered upon us so freely calls for a response.  What kind of response? It calls for us to love – to bear fruit; to wash the feet of others; to feed and touch and heal and love just as Jesus did for us.
When the chapter begins it is night – now it should not be a surprise that this final story begins in the dark.  We should remember that Nicodemus first came to Jesus at night, he was in the dark; and when Mary Magdalene first goes to the tomb it is also dark.  Neither of them understood, neither of them could see and the disciples here still don’t quite see or understand either. 
“I’m going fishing,” Peter announces and all the others decide to go with him.  They all return to their ordinary lives – their pre-incarnation lives.  But of course you can never go back and their efforts are unsuccessful until they hear a voice calling to them from shore and encouraging them to try throwing the nets over the other side of the boat.  And when they do, they catch some fish – lots of fish – 153 fish to be exact!  They have caught an abundance of fish.  This final sign at the very end of the Gospel should remind us of an earlier sign from the very beginning of the Gospel: “We have no wine” Jesus’ mother says, and Jesus then transforms the water in 6 very large jugs into the lots of very best wine – gallons and gallons of it – an abundance of wine; more than you would ever need or know what to do with.  This is what God does, this is one of the characteristics of God’s love – it is super-abundant – it is mind-bogglingly super-abundant.
“It is the Lord!”  Of course!  The abundance of the catch is a give away.  Only God through Christ is so generous and so obvious.  And Peter is so excited he jumps into the sea and swims to shore.  And, we are told, he is naked – he has stripped himself of all of his pretensions, of all that stands between him and God. 
And when the disciples return to shore they find Jesus cooking breakfast for them.  Jesus is the host and Jesus will serve them one more time; Jesus will feed them once more – just like Jesus fed the 5000 with 5 loaves of bread and 2 fish and in the end had left overs in abundance; And just like Jesus hosted them and fed them and washed their feet at the last supper.
And so they join their host, they accept the gift of bread and fish from Jesus one last time as they sit around that charcoal fire.  This should remind us of the last time that we encountered a group of people sitting around a charcoal fire.  It was the night of the arrest of Jesus, and Peter was warming himself by the charcoal fire when he is recognized and confronted – “Are you not one of that man’s disciples?”  “I am not!” Note in John, Peter denies his discipleship and this happens three times.  And here we are again sitting by a charcoal fire and Jesus asks Peter a simple question – “Do you love me?”  Peter is taken aback by the question, “Yes, of course I love you!” He says.  “Well then,” Jesus says, “feed my sheep!”  This happens three times.  Peter had denied his discipleship 3 times and now he is called upon to affirm his discipleship 3 times.
This final exchange is so important, because it defines discipleship for us.  God loves us, God gives us Jesus who demonstrates God’s abundant and overwhelming love for us and then calls on us to “come and see,” to follow and to serve – “to wash the feet of those whom we encounter” and to feed the sheep of the Good Shepherd, whose love for the sheep is beyond our comprehension.
Do you love me?  Feed my sheep!  These words are words that are spoken to each and every one of us here!  Do you love Jesus?  If so, then you are called to respond – to serve those whom God loves and whom God places in our paths during our lives.  That now that the incarnation, the en-fleshing, of God has come to an end and Jesus has ascended to the father it is now up to Jesus’ followers – Jesus’ disciples of every time and every place – it is now up to you and me to be the incarnation of God’s love for the world in the way that we reach out and love and care and serve.
The Gospel leaves us with this calling and with the question of whether or not we are willing to embrace our own discipleship.  Do you love me, Jesus is asking you – if so, then feed my sheep.
One last comment – the very last verse of the Gospel leaves us with an important and necessary reminder of the gift of God’s abundant love.  And so I would like to conclude this sermon series by first reading this very last verse and then reading Karoline Lewis’ comment on this verse:
John 21:25 - But there are also many other things that Jesus did; if every one of them were written down, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.

"As this narrative comes to a close, we discover that this abundant grace cannot be contained, neither by the end of the Gospel, nor by the end of the incarnation.  By definition, abundant grace cannot be drawn to a close or wrapped up in a tidy, literary, narrative conclusion.  God's grace extends beyond the confines of this story and even then there are really no restraints or restrictions, no boundaries or borders that can in any way curb or control the extent of God's love... for God so loved the world."

Sunday, October 4, 2015

John Series #13 – The Resurrection, “It is Finished / I Have Seen the Lord” – John 20:1-18

“It is finished!” These were Jesus’ last words on the cross before he died.  But what is finished?  This is the question that John leaves with us as we conclude the story of Jesus’ crucifixion.  It is finished – as Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus lovingly care for Jesus’ body, anointing it with spices and wrapping it in a linen shroud.  It is finished - as they then place Jesus’ body in the tomb and the stone is rolled into place.  It is finished!  It is over!  The end!  Now what?
And it is not only those of us who are reading this story who are struggling with this question.  Obviously the disciples, the Judean authorities and even the Romans are pretty convinced that it is all over, it is finished, done!  Well, we took care of that “Jesus” problem!  But, not so fast…
“And the Word became made flesh and dwelt among us…” – and tented among us, and moved into the neighborhood!  God became en-fleshed, incarnate in Jesus; God became fully and completely human in Jesus and lived a human life with real human relationships, reaching out and caring for others, healing, loving, getting angry, being tired, experiencing sadness and loneliness, even despondency, feeling compassion and grief.  It is all there in John – every single one of these human experiences and emotions are displayed in John’s telling the story of God’s en-fleshing.  In fact, in order to take the Incarnation seriously, we must take seriously the complete humanity of Jesus.  Jesus was not half human or sort-of human or pretending to be human.  John wants us to understand that Jesus was fully and completely human, and in this way God enters into the human experience.  And only by taking this Incarnation seriously does the gift that God gives us makes any difference.  So, then what is finished?  It is this human, incarnation experience that has come to a close.  The Incarnation is finished!  The en-fleshing of God has come to a conclusion!  But this is not the end of the story.
Chapter 20 begins with Mary Magdalene coming early in the morning while it is still dark to the tomb.  According to John she comes alone and we don’t know why she is coming – perhaps simply to grieve.  But she is in the dark – just like Nicodemus who came to Jesus in the dark earlier in the Gospel.  Perhaps she believes now that darkness has taken over, and that the light of Christ will never again shine forth.  But she is wrong, for when she arrives she is able at least to see that the stone is rolled away from the tomb and that the tomb is now sitting open.  She reacts to this by running to tell the disciples, and then Peter and the Beloved Disciple themselves run to the tomb to investigate.  The men race each other and it is Peter, who arrives first, boldly entering into the tomb where he is followed shortly afterwards by the Beloved Disciple.  They both find the tomb empty and John tells us – that the Beloved Disciple believes.  But what exactly does he believe?  And who is the Beloved Disciple?  The tradition is to equate the Beloved Disciple with the author of the Gospel, John the son of Zebedee, or at least with the community that can be traced back to him and which produced this Gospel and the three letters of John.  And that may be, but the Beloved Disciple is more than just this character.  We also need to recognize that the Beloved Disciple is representative of believers and followers of Jesus of all times and all places.  He is you and me.  You are the beloved disciple and so am I.  We are the disciples whom Jesus loves.  And what is it that is believed by the Beloved Disciple?  The Gospel is quick to clarify that the disciples did not completely understand about the resurrection, yet.  So then what exactly does the Beloved Disciple believe?  Simply, that the story is not over.  That crucifixion is not the end or the last word.  And there is still more to come.  That the powers of death and hate and violence and oppression and poverty will NOT win in the end.  That the love and grace of God, shown forth in the Incarnation of God in Jesus will have the last word!  And with that the disciples leave and return to their homes.
But Mary is not ready to leave.  She is overcome in weeping.  And there standing besides her is a man, whom she does not recognize.  “Where have you taken him?  Show me and I will take the body and return it to the tomb,” she cries.  And then the stranger speaks – “Mary.”  And she recognizes that this is Jesus.  She had probably not even noticed that the light of the day had begun to overcome the darkness of the night, but when she hears Jesus’ speak, she sees. 
In chapter 10, Jesus had told his disciples that God’s children that are the Sheep of God’s flock would always know and recognize the voice of the Shepherd. And that he, the Shepherd, will always call them by name.  Mary hears the voice of the Shepherd calling her by name – just like the man born blind first heard the voice of Jesus before he regained his sight in chapter 9 – and just like Lazarus who Jesus called by name to come out of the tomb in chapter 11.
Mary’s response?  “Rabboni”  - Teacher!  Not savior, not Jesus, not friend – but teacher.  Who uses that title, teacher?  Only disciples.  So in case there is any question – Mary Magdalene is a disciple of Jesus. And then she reaches for him, but he tells her that he must now ascend to the Father.  And this is the last step in John – the ascension.  And in the ascension we find the gift of Hope.  The resurrection proclaims the victory over human self-centeredness and cruelty, the defeat of death and the victory of light over darkness.  Because of the resurrection we know and can proclaim that no matter what loss, or grief or despair or oppression we experience they will not have the last word.  For the Ascension finalizes this by assuring us not only of Jesus’ abiding relationship with the Father, but of our continuing abiding relationship with God through Jesus as well. It is Jesus’ Ascension to the Father that makes that possible!
And so, the incarnation is finished!  But the story of God’s involvement and overwhelming love for the world, and for all of God’s children and for you and me is not over, it is continuing and continues to this very moment.  God continues to shower us with grace upon grace; God continues to be present with us, especially in our darkest moments in order to remind and assure us that in the end the light will overcome the darkness; that love is stronger than hate; and that life will defeat death.  And as we abide in this love, we know that we, the branches, are constantly nurtured by the Vine of God’s love.  And this then helps us to maintain our relationship with God and helps us to abide.  And not only that, but it gives us the ability to love others and be in abiding relationships with others as well.
        This is what prompts us to be able to confess, with Mary Magdalene, that we too have seen the Lord!  The light of God’s love and grace has overcome the darkness.  The Incarnation is finished – but the story is not over!

Monday, September 28, 2015

John Series #12 – The Passion of Jesus – John 18-19

Jesus’ ministry is now over.  The Incarnation, the en-fleshing of God is also coming to an end as Jesus moves from the last supper to the garden where he will be arrested and the events of the Passion will begin to unfold.  Before this though Jesus has performed one more sign and then interpreted this sign for his disciples.  In many ways this final sign – the foot washing – brings together all of the other signs along with Jesus’ entire ministry.  This sign helps us all to see that it all comes down to one thing: LOVE.  Earlier in the Gospel we had met Nicodemus who was struggling to understand what in the world Jesus was doing.  Jesus told him – “God loves the world so much that those who believe, those who are in relationship with God will remain – will Abide – in this love of God’s forever!”  Now the sign, the foot-washing, is a sign of this love that Jesus, God en-fleshed has for the disciples and for the world.  “A new commandment I give you,” Jesus told his confused and scandalized disciples – “that you love one another, just as I have loved you.”  The point – God loves the world – God loves the disciples – God loves you and me and all of God’s creation more than we can ever possibly comprehend.  And this is what we are called to do in response as well – to love others, as God has loved us!
And so, after a prayer Jesus goes out to the garden. And here begins the events of the passion found in chapters 18 and 19.  This narrative can be divided into 3 parts in John: the arrest, the trial and the crucifixion, which includes the burial.
First the arrest - Judas comes with a huge crowd of soldiers to arrest Jesus.  Judas is the thief, the bandit Jesus referred to in the Good Shepherd discourse in chapter 10 and who now stands outside of the sheepfold as Jesus, the Good Shepherd, will protect the sheep, his disciples, who are inside the sheepfold.  “Who are you looking for?” Jesus asks, “Jesus of Nazareth,” comes the answer – And Jesus responds with these words: “I AM.”  There is no “he” in the Greek – Jesus does not say, “I am he.”  He only says, “I AM” which as we know from Exodus and from Jesus’ use of the phrase earlier in the Gospel is the name of God.  And so here at the end we are all reminded once more that the “Word had become flesh and dwelt among us” – that Jesus is God en-fleshed.  Judas and the soldiers cannot stand before the great I AM and they fall to the ground until finally they are able to arrest the Good Shepherd and as predicted, the sheep scatter.
Next comes the trial, but whose trial is it in John?  Well, it is Jesus’ trial for sure, but not only Jesus’ trial. Peter’s is on trial too, and by extension so are we, we believers and disciples of Jesus are also on trial.  “Are you not one of that man’s disciples?” The maid asks Peter.  “I am, not!” he responds.  And this response is the mirror opposite of Jesus’ response earlier.  Not only that but Peter is denying not only his status as a disciple of Jesus, but he denies his relationship with God.  Why?  Fear!  Peter is afraid.
At the same time inside the council chambers, Jesus is questioned by the Sanhedrin, the Temple authorities and the High Priest Caiaphas.  They struggle to understand his teaching, but a God that loves us so much, and so unconditionally is threatening and incomprehensible to those who are in power and those who have vested interests in power, wealth and control.  So, they question him, but they end up going in circles.  Finally they take him to the Roman Proconsul, Pontius Pilate, who is able to understand Jesus even less.  “Are you a King?” “What have you done?” Where are you from?” “What is truth?”  Pilate is confused.  Jesus is not the usual hate-filled revolutionary that Pilate is used to dealing with. There is an unusual gentleness, there is a love and there is an authority that Jesus embodies that confuses Pilate.  “I find no case against him,” Pilate finally tells the Temple authorities.  “No! We want Barabbas!” comes the response.  “Crucify him, crucify him!” comes the response.  Pilate stands before the people with Jesus at his side – “Ecce homo – Here is the Man!  Here is your King!” he proclaims.  “We have no King but Caesar!”  And with that the crowd has confessed that they have placed their trust in power and wealth and hate and exclusion and in this way they have denied their relationship with God.  Why? Fear!  And John tells us, Pilate hands Jesus over to be crucified – why?  Fear!
And sitting around a charcoal fire, Peter denies Jesus two more times – “Are you one of this man’s disciples?”  He is asked, “I am not!” comes the answer a 2nd time, and then a third.  Peter has joined the crowd out of fear in denying his relationship with God.  But this will not be the last time that Peter will be asked to make a commitment while he is sitting by a charcoal fire, by the way. 
Where do we stand? John answers the question for us in a way we might not want to acknowledge: we stand with the crowd – we stand with Peter.  We would like to think that is not the case, but John knows that it is the case.  We are all susceptible to the pressures of fear, to the pressures to conform, to the lure of wealth and greed and power and hate and we act too often out of this fear.  But fear is a liar – fear destroys relationship – fear destroys love.  But fear will not have the last word.  Because there is forgiveness and there is always a chance to place fear behind us and move forward, as we will see.
For now though we have moved into the last part of the Passion.  In John Jesus carries his own cross beam to the place of crucifixion – a place that John tells us will become a garden.  And there he is crucified! At the place of crucifixion he is surrounded by the whole world – soldiers from all over the empire, Judaens, the authorities – the whole world is assembled to witness the crucifixion of God incarnate.  And a sign is placed over his head – Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin, languages that also represent the entire known world.  The world that God so loves!
And the last thing that Jesus does is to create relationship – “woman here is your son, here is your mother” Jesus speaks from the cross to the Beloved Disciple and his mother.  For this is what God always does – create relationship.  This is what love does – create relationship.  Oh, and who is the Beloved Disciple, it is you and me!  We are Jesus’ beloved disciple, we are the disciple who Jesus loves.  And for us Jesus, God incarnate is always creating relationship, out of love!
And then the one who had given the woman at the well the Living Water speaks these words – “I thirst” and then he proclaims the end of the Incarnation – “It is finished.”  And with that he breathes his last breath.  And the incarnate, en-fleshed God now hangs on the cross dead.  His side is pierced but his legs are not broken.  And he is removed from the cross and lovingly cared for by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus who anoint the body and place it in a tomb.
The end! 
No?  No, not the end!  Fear will not be victorious!  Hate will not be victorious!  The power of broken relationship will not be victorious!  The grasping for power and wealth at all costs will not be victorious!  Death will not be victorious!
Jesus is entombed in a garden – yet, another garden.  And soon, in three days to be exact, this garden is going to blossom and boom and yield life and relationship!  This garden will allow love to be reborn and to flourish – because nothing can destroy God’s love.  Nothing can stand between God’s love and those whom God loves.

As night falls we know that very soon the dawn will come, that light will overcome the darkness and that this light of God’s love will obliterate the darkness and Grace upon Grace will be showered upon this world that God loves so, so much!  And so as we gaze on this image of the cross, we should see the God who so loved the world and who continues to shower us with Grace upon Grace upon Grace upon Grace…

Monday, September 21, 2015

John Series #11 - Jesus' Farewell Discourse - John 14 - 16 (17) - "Abide in Jesus"

What’s it all about?  This question is sometimes asked of these 3 chapters in John – 14, 15 and 16 – which are called the Farewell Discourse.  What’s it all about?  Jesus washing the feet of the disciples at the last supper?  What’s it all about?  Jesus going to crucifixion, death, burial and then resurrection.  What’s it all about?  Let’s start here:
“Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end… Jesus got up from the table, took off his outer robe and tied a robe around himself. Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel that was tied around him…” 
This amazingly shocking incident occurs during the last meal that Jesus shares with his disciples and this act of Jesus washing the feet of his disciples demonstrates unconditional love in a way the disciples have never, ever experienced before.  It also demonstrates to us an overwhelming love and commitment to us by God that is really beyond our comprehension.  Jesus does not pick and choose – he doesn’t refuse to wash the feet of Judas because he knows that Judas will betray him a couple hours later; he doesn’t tell Peter that he’ll only rinse his feet and not wash them because Peter is going to deny him in the next 24 hours.  There is no judging here – there is only love - the unconditional love of God which flows through Jesus to us and then through us to the world that God loves so incredibly much!
This then is what Jesus is trying to help his disciples of all times and places see as he comments on his act of love – “I give you a new commandment, that you love one another.  Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another.  By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”  And all that follows these words is Jesus trying in different ways to make the same point – to help his disciples to see – to see what?  That God’s love and grace are abundant and plentiful and unconditional and God offers them to us all.  It seems so simple, but it is so hard for us.  Loving one another is hard.  Jesus’ original disciples didn’t want to do it and we don’t either.  We want to put all kinds of qualifications and conditions on our love – and by extension, God’s love.  How often do we hear all kinds of people who claim to be Christians speaking words of judgment and hate and then claiming that they speak for God.  How often do we, Christians, put people in this or that category and deny God’s love and our love to them on the basis of some difference between us and them?  Jesus says, “By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”  Will they?
You know I don’t know much about botany but I do know this.  That every plant, every vine, has roots which root themselves into the soil from which they process and distribute water and nutrients to the rest of the plant.  The stalk, or the vine then is the conduit of this source of life for the plants or the vine.  The leaves then sprout, grow and flourish only because they are attached to the stalk or the vine.  If you pull the leaves off of a vine or a plant they will shrivel up and die.  They cannot survive apart from the vine.  Everyone knows this.  This is why Jesus uses this image – he is the vine and we are the branches and the leaves.  And God is the farmer who planted the vine in the first place and then loves and cares for it and wants to see it flourish.  God’s love and grace then flow through Jesus to us and through us to others just like water and nutrients flow through the vine to the branches and the leaves.  If we pull ourselves off of the vine we will shrivel and die.  It is God’s love and grace that sustains us and helps us grow and flourish.  This should say something to us about our way of living then and the place of God’s love and grace in our lives and relationships.
But there is more to it than that.  We are not only then to “live a life of love” as Christ loved us, but we are to “Abide,” to “remain,” to “root” ourselves in this love and grace of God’s.  This word “Abide” is one of the Gospel writer John’s favorite words.  It appears throughout the Gospel.  Jesus is constantly calling for his beloved disciples to “Abide,” that is, to root themselves in God love and grace that flows through Christ.  And this call is to us as well.  We are also to “Abide” in Jesus, “Abide” in God’s love and to make love a lifestyle, a way of being in the world and a way of relating to others.
What does this then mean?  It means a lot of things which include that it means it is not up to us to judge; it is not up to us to determine who is in and who is out, who is deserving of God’s love and who isn’t.  It means that we are to always, ALWAYS, give people the benefit of the doubt – the default is love – not suspicion, not judgment, not fear.  It means we are to do everything we can to help those who are in need; to find ways of providing support, to stand up for justice, to oppose absolutely any form of racism and discrimination of any kind.  Abiding in God’s love means that God’s love and grace are the bottom line for us and that they provide the foundation for all of our priorities, our way of living in the world and our way of relating to others.
This was not easy for the disciples and it is not easy for us.  And the major reason is that too often we allow ourselves to be led and rooted not in God’s love but in fear; in the fear of the different, the fear of the unknown.  The fears that infect us and grow and can paralyze us.  It is this fear that led Judas to betray Jesus; fear that led the officials to crucify Jesus and this fear continues to infect us and paralyze us and it leads to a host of evils – as Master Yoda from Star Wars says” Fear is the path to the dark side.  Fear leads to anger, anger leads to hate, hate leads to suffering.” 
What Jesus offers us instead is the love of God; a love that calls for us to abide, to root ourselves and to allow this love of God’s to flow through us freely.  And, Jesus tells us further that this gift will lead us to something else – and that something else is Joy!  There is something in the original language here that is remarkable.  The Greek word that is used to describe God’s unconditional, amazing love is the word “Charis” and this word is usually translated as “Grace.”  But the word for joy is the Greek word “Chara.”  Do you see the connection?  Charis/Chara – Grace/Joy – they are essentially two sides of the same coin perhaps.  When we experience Grace we experience Joy – when we offer others God’s Grace, when we live rooted in God’s Grace – it brings with it the gift of Joy.
God’s love – God’s unconditional, overwhelming love – God’s unconditional, overwhelming Grace is for us as we Abide, as we are rooted in God through Jesus.  And as we live lives that reflect this gift of God’s love and grace we are given the gift of joy.  And this is the message that Jesus gives to his disciples and to us, and wants us to remember as he then moves towards the crucifixion and resurrection.

It is all about love!  And if your faith is not all about love, then you have missed the point!  Because faith in Christ is all about love!